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Almost any Tennessee employee can be a victim of wage discrimination. Women, men and older workers all face problems when it comes to equal pay, and workers with disabilities also have problems when it comes to being paid the same as others. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 15 percent of wage discrimination claims were filed by men over the past four fiscal years.

Most wage discrimination claims are filed under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This statute provides protection against wage and other forms of discrimination based on gender, national origin and other attributes. The Equal Pay Act is another law under which gender-based wage discrimination claims may be filed. Approximately 20 percent of wage discrimination claims during the period studies were based on age, and about 10 percent were filed claiming discrimination because of disability.

Workers might be paid less than others based on stereotypes about their age, gender or race. However, the EEO-1 form may provide greater insight into who works for larger companies and how much they are paid. Companies with at least 100 workers are required to file this form annually. Having this information may help reduce the impact that pay inequality has on workers and the families that they may be trying to support financially.

Employees who believe that they may be the victims of wage discrimination may have grounds for a lawsuit. It may be possible to use payroll data or other information to establish that a person is being paid less based on his or her gender, race or other protected attributes. An attorney can help initiate the process by filing a claim with the EEOC within the prescribed period.